In hip replacement surgery the hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant. Hip replacement surgery can be total replacement or a hemi (half) replacement. This joint replacement orthopaedic surgery is generally done so as to relieve arthritis pain or to repair hip fractures. A total hip replacement (total hip arthroplasty) consists of replacing both the acetabulum & the femoral head while hemiarthroplasty only replaces the femoral head. Hip replacement is the most common orthopaedic operation, though the results & patient satisfaction levels widely vary.
Hip Replacement Surgery Procedure
During this surgery the doctor surgically removes the painful hip & replaces it with an artificial joint often made from metal & plastic components. It is usually done when all alternative treatments to heal hip have failed to provide adequate pain relief. The procedure relieves painful hip joint, thereby making walking easier. Hip replacement surgery can be performed traditionally or with minimally-invasive technique. The main difference between the two procedures is the size of incisions.
Hip Replacement Artificial Joint
Standard hip replacement surgery uses anesthesia for the surgical procedure. A spinal anesthetic may also be given when required. Doctors makes a cut along the side of the hip & move the muscles connected to the top of the thighbone so as to expose the hip joint. The ball portion of the joint is removed by cutting. An artificial joint is attached to the thighbone using either cement or a special material that allows the remaining bone to attach to the new joint.
Hip Replacement Surgery Techniques
While most hip replacement surgeries today are done with standard technique, doctors also use minimally-invasive techniques for certain cases. Minimal invasive techniques typically lessen blood loss, ease surgery pain, reduce scar appearance, & speed-up healing while cutting down stay at the clinic.
Why is Hip Replacement Surgery Needed?
The most common cause of chronic hip pain & disability is arthritis. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis & traumatic arthritis are the most common forms of this disease. Other common factors may include post-traumatic arthritis, avascular necrosis & childhood hip disease. However, there are several reasons doctors may recommend hip replacement surgery. Patients with following symptoms generally undergo this treatment.
- Hip pain that limits everyday activities, such as walking or bending
- Hip pain that continues while resting, throughout day & night
- Stiffness in a hip which limits the ability to move or lift legs
- Inadequate pain relief from anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy, or walking supports
Hip Replacement Surgery Risks
Medical & surgical advancement techniques have greatly reduced risks associated with hip replacement surgery. However, some complications may arrive & cannot be completely eliminated. One of the most common problem after surgery is hip dislocation. Inflammatory reaction to tiny particles may also surface. This inflammation may also cause implant to loosen. Other complications of hip replacement surgery include infection, blood clots, & heterotopic bone formation. To minimize risks, it’s important to know how to prevent problems & recognize signs of potential problems.
What Happens After Hip Replacement Surgery?
Doctors may prescribe antibiotics for about a day after surgery. You will also receive medicines so as to control pain & prevent blood clots. It is usual to have an upset stomach or feel constipation after surgery. Breathing exercises are suggested to prevent congestion in lungs while body activity level is limited. Rehabilitation after hip replacement surgery may vary. Walker, cane, or crutches are needed for some weeks. In general, most people get out of bed with help on the day of surgery or the next day. Combination of movement like cross legs sitting should be avoided as per doctor’s advice.
Some common precautions after hip replacement surgery include –
- Do not bend hips more than 90 degrees
- Avoid sitting on low chairs, beds, or toilets
- Do not raise the knee higher than your hip
- Do not lean forward while sitting down
Hip Replacement Surgery Results & Expectations
People after hip replacement surgery have much less pain. Everyday activities will become easier. Most artificial hip joints will last for 10 to 20 years or longer without loosening. The artificial joint will last longer if you are not overweight & do not involve in any hard physical work or sports which stress the joint. Doctors continue to discover new ways in order to improve life span of artificial hip joints. People who have hip replacement surgery today may expect the artificial joint to last anywhere between 15 to 20 years. Hip replacement surgery will invariably give more strength, flexibility, balance, endurance, & ability to be active in day to day living.
Hip Replacement Surgery in India
There are numerous factors why people undergo hip replacement surgery in India. Every year there are thousands of people who arrive from international destinations across the world so as to undergo successful hip replacement surgeries under the guidance of expert doctors & surgeons. India offers all patients variety of destination & healthcare facilities to choose from. These hospitals are located at major metropolitan cities in India like Pune, Mumbai, Bangalore, Goa, Kerala, Delhi, Chennai, & Kolkata which provide easy connectivity to all international cities. Moreover, all surgeries & treatments come at very attractive prices which are economical & comfortably affordable. No wonder, India is fast emerging as one of the finest destinations to undergo a vast majority of medical treatments.Leave a reply →